Intake of CarbohydratesHas Positive Relationship to Metabolic Syndrome

"In conclusion,

...The risk of developing the metabolic syndrome was considerably higher in
the highest quintiles of carbohydrate..."

both the quantity and quality of carbohydrate intake has a positive
relationship with the risk of the metabolic syndrome in women but this
relationship was dependent on the BMI level....."



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Cross-sectional relationship between dietary carbohydrate, glycaemic index,
glycaemic load and risk of the metabolic syndrome in a Korean population

http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=212
8712&fulltextType=RA&fileId=S0007114508904372




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British Journal of Nutrition (2008), 100:576-584 Cambridge University Press
Copyright © The Authors 2008

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Kirang Kima1, Sung Ha Yuna1, Bo Youl Choia1 and Mi Kyung Kima1 c1
a1 Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Hanyang
University, Seoul 133-791, South Korea


Abstract

Little is known about the effect of dietary carbohydrate, glycaemic index
(GI) and glycaemic load (GL) on the risk of the metabolic syndrome,
especially in populations with white rice as the staple food. The study
examined the cross-sectional relationship between carbohydrate, GI, GL and
risk of the metabolic syndrome. There were a total of 910 middle-aged Korean
adults. Dietary carbohydrate, GI and GL were determined by an
interview-administered FFQ. The metabolic syndrome was defined using the
modified criteria published in the Third Report of the National Cholesterol
Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III. The risk of developing the
metabolic syndrome was positively related to dietary carbohydrate (P for
trend = 0·03), GI (P for trend = 0·03) and GL intakes (P for trend = 0·02)
in women after adjusting for potential confounding variables. Among the
components of developing the metabolic syndrome, the risk of high TAG and
low HDL-cholesterol were positively related to high GI and GL intakes in
women.



The risk of developing the metabolic syndrome was considerably higher in the
highest quintiles of carbohydrate (OR 6·44; 95 % CI 2·16, 19·2), GI (OR
10·4; 95 % CI 3·24, 33·3) and GL intakes (OR 6·68; 95 % CI 2·30, 19·4) than
in the lowest quintiles among women with a BMI ? 25 kg/m2.

However, there was no difference in risk across quintiles of carbohydrate,
GI and GL among women with a BMI < 25 kg/m2. In conclusion, both the
quantity and quality of carbohydrate intake has a positive relationship with
the risk of the metabolic syndrome in women but this relationship was
dependent on the BMI level.
(Received July 02 2007)
(Revised November 21 2007)
(Accepted November 23 2007)
(Online publication March 10 2008)

Key Words:Dietary carbohydrate; Glycaemic index; Glycaemic load; Metabolic
syndrome

Correspondence:
c1 Corresponding author: Dr Mi Kyung Kim, fax +82 2 2293 0660, email
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Footnotes
Abbreviations: GI, glycaemic index; GL, glycaemic load; HDL-C,
HDL-cholesterol ________________________________________

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